Conference Program

Please note:
On this page you will only see the English-language presentations of the conference. You can find all conference sessions, including the German speaking ones, here.

The times given in the conference program of OOP 2023 Digital correspond to Central European Time (CET).

By clicking on "VORTRAG MERKEN" within the lecture descriptions you can arrange your own schedule. You can view your schedule at any time using the icon in the upper right corner.

Thema: Produktentwicklung

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  • Dienstag
    07.02.
  • Mittwoch
    08.02.
, (Dienstag, 07.Februar 2023)
09:00 - 10:45
Di 8.1
How (Not) to Measure Quality
How (Not) to Measure Quality

Measuring quality requires many questions to be answered. The most obvious ones may be: “What is quality?”, but also “How can we measure it?”, “Which metrics are most accurate?”, “Which are most practical?”.

In this talk, I share some general motivations for measuring quality. I review commonly used metrics that claim to measure quality, I rate them with regards to how they may be helpful or harmful to achieve actual goals. I give some examples how the weaknesses of one metric might be countered by another one to create a beneficial system.

Target Audience: Developers, Project Leader, Manager, Decision Makers, Quality Engineers, Testers, Product Owners
Prerequisites: Basic Software Project Experience, Rough Understanding of Software Development
Level: Advanced

Extended Abstract:
Measuring quality requires many questions to be answered. The most obvious ones may be: “What is quality?”, but also “How can we measure it?”, “Which metrics are most accurate?”, “Which are most practical?”.

In my experience, one question is often not answered or postponed until it is too late: “Why do we want to measure quality?” Is it because we want to control how well our developers are performing? Is it to detect problems early? Is it to measure the impact of changes? Is it the product or the process we care about? Is it to improve locally in a single team or globally across the company? Is there a specific problem that we are trying to solve, and if so, which one?

Instead of trying to define what software quality is – which is hard and depends on a lot of factors – we should first focus on the impact of our measuring. Some metrics may work great for one team, but not for the company as a whole. Some will help to reach your team or organizational goal, some will not help at all, and some will even have terrible side effects by setting unintended incentives. Some can be gamed, others might be harmful to motivation. Consider an overemphasis on lead time, which can lead to cutting corners. Or measuring the number of bugs found, which can cause a testers versus developers situation.

In this talk, I share some general motivations for measuring quality. I review various commonly used metrics that claim to measure quality. Based on my experience, I rate them with regards to how they may be helpful or harmful to achieve actual goals and which side effects are to be expected. I give some examples how the weaknesses of one metric might be countered by another one to create a beneficial system.

Michael Kutz has been working in professional software development for more than 10 years now. He loves to write working software, and he hates fixing bugs. Hence, he developed a strong focus on test automation, continuous delivery/deployment and agile principles.
Since 2014 he works at REWE digital as a software engineer and internal coach for QA and testing. As such his main objective is to support the development teams in QA and test automation to empower them to write awesome bug-free software fast.

The State and Future of UI Testing
The State and Future of UI Testing

UI testing is an essential part of software development. But the automation of UI tests is still considered too complex and flaky.
This talk will cover the "state of the art" of UI testing with an overview of tools and techniques. It will be shown which kind of representations are used by today's test tools and how the addressing of elements in the UI is done.
In addition, the role of artificial intelligence in the different approaches is shown and a prediction of testing tools of the future is presented.

Target Audience: Developers, Testers
Prerequisites: Basic Knowledge of UI-Testing
Level: Advanced

Extended Abstract:
UI testing is an essential part of software development. Despite technological progress, the automation of UI tests is still considered too complex to function completely without manual intervention.
In addition to classical selector-based approaches, more and more image-based methods are being pursued.
This talk will cover the "state of the art" of UI testing with an overview of tools and techniques. In particular, current problems and future developments will be discussed. Furthermore, it will be shown which kind of UI representations are used by today's test tools and how the addressing of elements in the user interface is done.
In addition, the role of artificial intelligence in the different approaches is shown and a prediction of testing tools of the future is presented on the basis of current research.

Johannes Dienst is Developer Advocate at askui. His focus is on automation, documentation, and software quality.

Michael Kutz
Johannes Dienst
Johannes Dienst
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, (Mittwoch, 08.Februar 2023)
09:00 - 10:45
Mi 6.1
Kleiner Wanderführer für IT-Systeme
Kleiner Wanderführer für IT-Systeme

Firmen können kaum noch IT-Systeme neu entwickeln, ohne dass existierende Funktionalität mitwandert. Vor die Aufgabe gestellt, ein System von einem Fremdanbieter in eine Public Cloud zu überführen, hat sich gezeigt, dass hilfreiche Wanderführer rar sind.
Diese Session strukturiert Entscheidungswege und Erkenntnisse bei Cloud-basierten Migrationsvorhaben - abgeleitet aus der Migration und Modernisierung von einem Konsumenten-Service mit 6 PB Daten und ca. 2 Mio. Nutzern.

Zielpublikum: Business-Architekt:innen, Entwickler:innen, Projektleiter:innen, Manager, Entscheider
Voraussetzungen: Erfahrung mit IT-Projekten
Schwierigkeitsgrad: Anfänger

Extended Abstract:
Wanderungen versprechen Entspannung, Panorama oder Sehenswürdigkeiten auf dem Weg. Selten steht bei der Planung die erwartete Anstrengung im Vordergrund. Ähnlich ist es mit Cloud-Migrationen: Der positive Beitrag zur geschäftlichen Entwicklung lockt, aber nicht ohne Mühe.

Wir streifen die folgenden Etappen:
1. Tourenplanung: Wie wähle ich den richtigen Migrationsweg, aka. die "Migrationsstrategie"
2. Lohnt sich der Weg: Wie überzeuge ich Entscheider, ein solches Vorhaben zu sponsoren
3. Auf dem Weg bleiben: Wie managt man den Migrationsfortschritt?
4. Bleibende Erinnerungen: Wie begegnet man übergroßen Erwartungen und vermeidet Enttäuschung bei Endkunden und Produktverantwortlichen?

Bernd Rederlechner ist einer der Principal Lead Architects von T-Systems mit Schwerpunkt "Digitale Lösungen". Er war verantwortlich für die Lieferung von kleinen Innovationsprojekten, aber auch von wirklich großen Landschaftsvorhaben, wo er immer eine Balance zwischen Product Owner, Dev, Ops, Test und Security finden musste. Heute liegt seine Passion im Aufbau von Teams, die digitale Ideen zur Reality machen können - für Kunden und für die Deutschen Telekom.

Balancing Legacy and Innovation: Taking your IBM Mainframe on the Modernization Journey
Balancing Legacy and Innovation: Taking your IBM Mainframe on the Modernization Journey

Modernization projects are not a straight line as there’s no one-stop shop. Balance is definitely the right word: we talk here about finding the proper trade-off between quality/costs/timeframe requirements and customized patterns for a successful legacy system modernization. Based on actual use cases, we’ll discuss the available solutions (ERP implementation, code rewriting, middleware, cloud…), and see why combining the relevant tools is key.
Let us take you on a modernization journey and get your IBM mainframe to embrace innovation!

Target Audience: Architects, Developers, Project Leaders, Chief Information Officers
Prerequisites: IBM i (AS400) and IBM z environments, mainframes, software development
Level: Advanced

Extended Abstract:
Trusted by major players in the insurance, banking, industrial and public services, IBM i and IBM z mainframes are undoubtedly powerful and reliable. Yet, the core business applications developed decades ago are no longer suited for today's requirements nor for tomorrow's innovations. Issues are piling up: maintenance, regulations, cybersecurity, mobility, UX/UI, technical debt … all made worse by the lack of skilled and motivated developers able to untangle layers of spaghetti legacy COBOL or RPG codes.

When the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) is rising, some may consider simply shifting to modern architectures. Remember the massive rush to a famous ERP in the 2000s? Disarray, downtime, sleepless nights dreading data loss … History has taught us that forced march towards efficiency is possible but also that balance to consider the actual business environment and needs could have been a far better solution, both for systems and people.
Successful modernization is about making the most of the existing mainframe (remember, IBM i and IBM z systems are powerful and reliable!), adapting it to the latest IT trends and strategically relocating applications, inside or outside the mainframe.

Let us introduce you to an interesting use case we had a few years ago: this financial institution, specialized in consumer loans, is struggling with the obsolescence of its mainframe core business applications:
•    Accounting
•    Human resources and payroll
•    Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
•    Documentary reporting

Lately, legacy applications had had issues to address new demands from their various users (accountants, HR, sales, management):
•    How to work over 2 accounting exercises?
•    How to add new data and issue monthly statements of account?
•    How to call an external webservice to check customer solvency?
•    How to cope with the stricter compliance checks requested by financial regulations?
•    How to secure remote access for other branches?
•    How to provide a modern, secure and multi-session interface?
•    How to offer mobile access to all kinds of devices?

We’ll discuss a fully customized and easy to implement solution to modernize:
developers’ workstations: Java Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
systems and software: migration, decommissioning, revamping, middleware, runtime, mobile connectivity, web services, cloud
Let’s dive together into this real-world use case and deploy the full array of modernization tools to support this financial institution in her quest for innovation.

Firas Al-Shawi is passionate about software modernization and always has the focus to keep softwares future-proof. He is Senior Consultant and Productmanager working for EasiRun Europa GmbH.

Julie Dumortier is a lifelong entrepreneur with a passion to ‘Simply solve complex problems'. She is President of Metrixware Systemobjects, the French ISV specialized in mainframe modernization.

Bernd Rederlechner
Firas Al-Shawi, Julie Dumortier
Firas Al-Shawi, Julie Dumortier
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11:00 - 11:45
Mi 6.2
Modern Product Leadership – Solution-Focused Coaching Skills as Enabler for High Performance
Modern Product Leadership – Solution-Focused Coaching Skills as Enabler for High Performance

As Product Leaders, the methods we use are fairly easy to understand but the collaboration with others to get to the desired results sometimes is a hard nut to crack in a complex software engineering world. This talk will provide insights in solution-focused coaching skills being used in the product role and break the common belief that coaching is only relevant for Agile Coaches. It will show how solution-focused coaching skills have been used to solve several challenges on individual, team and organizational level.

Target Audience: Product Leader, Product Owner, Product Executives, Agile Coaches, Scrum Master
Prerequisites: Experience in Product Management / Product Ownership
Level: Advanced

Extended Abstract:
In product management, there are a lot of methods we use (user stories, product backlogs, impact mapping, etc.) and usually they are easy to understand. However, to be truly successful we have to closely work together with people to get to the desired results and in a complex world - this sometimes feel tedious. We have to communicate strategy, manage different expectations, have to lead great user interviews, get devs and all other stakeholders on board, deal with "resistance" and emotional customers and users. Our stakeholders expect a lot from us and sometimes it just feels overwhelming.

Solution-focused coaching skills can help to improve communication towards stakeholders, deal with "resistance" in a helpful way, come to collaborative (and also better) results much faster and much more. The solution-focused mindset and toolbox helped me personally to improve collaboration not only in my Scrum team but also in the Product Leader team and the overall organization. It enabled me to benefit from emotional customers to the advantage of the product. I lead much more efficient meetings now and use the full potential of user interviews to get and understand the core need. And in the end, everything leads closer to the general goal of Product Leaders: maximizing the value for the user.

The goals of this talk are to provide insights in solution-focused coaching skills being used in Product Leader roles and break the common belief that coaching is only relevant for Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches. It will provide small learning nuggets (f. e. linguistic turns, powerful questions for "resistance") and real-life examples how solution-focused coaching skills have been used to solve several challenges on individual, team and organizational level.

The one thing that Alexander Angelo Giurca enjoys most is when he sees that he can support individuals or teams to get one step further. He has done this since he started his professional career. His begin was building up a boutique consultancy focusing on unconventional business modelling and change formats for big corporations (mostly management teams) which helped them one step towards more innovation. Then he was in a consultant role focusing on executives, supporting them in product development. Now he is Product Owner at Untis GmbH for a 5 mio. users software that enables schools to run smoothly. And when he comes to OOP, he is in the solution-focused consultancy team at sinnvollFÜHREN GmbH. He also supports other product companies and leaders as a solution-focused coach and sparring partner and run Training from the BACK of the Room workshops as a certified trainer. He is really passionate about what he does and always very excited to share his knowhow!

Alexander Angelo Giurca
Alexander Angelo Giurca
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14:30 - 15:30
Mi 8.3
Test-Driven Requirements Engineering: Agile Testing in Practice
Test-Driven Requirements Engineering: Agile Testing in Practice

Requirements engineering like testing require balance of value and risk. Agile requirements engineering and testing with test-driven requirements engineering (TDRE) balances project risks and cost. Clear advantage: Requirements are understandable, testable, and directly applicable as test case. Lead time and costs in testing are reduced by up to thirty percent.

This presentation at OOP 2023 will practically introduce to agile requirements engineering and test with TDRE. A case study demonstrates an industry use of TDRE.

Target Audience: Project Managers, Architects, Analysts, Requirements Engineers, Product Owners, Software Engineers
Prerequisites: None
Level: Advanced

Extended Abstract:
Requirements engineering like testing require balance. Balance is about balancing value and risk. Requirements must be good enough to mitigate risks but yet not overly specific to contain effort. Same for test, which though never complete needs to address those areas with highest risk.

Requirements engineering and testing belong together. Historically, testers have often only seen the requirements after the system has already been partially implemented. This had two serious disadvantages. On the one hand, insufficient requirements quality came far too late to the table. On the other hand, it was quite a lot of extra work without deriving suitable test cases in the context of requirements definition. A lot of additional work and long correction loops were the result.

Only an agile balance of risk-oriented coverage and testable requirements can improve test effectiveness. Such risk-oriented work also optimizes requirements engineering. Instead of paralysis by analysis in defining numerous requirements, test-driven requirements engineering (TDRE) focusses on specifying what is necessary and of high risk or high value.

TDRE is straight-forward: Test cases are developed in parallel to the requirements. Thus, the feasibility of the requirements is analyzed much faster than in the traditional sequential approach, in which tests are specified relatively late. The test cases are initially described in the same structure as the requirements and as a supplement to the respective requirements. This shifts Test-Driven Development (TDD), which has already proven itself as relevant agile methodology, to the specification level. Regression tests are attributed in order to prepare for later automation. The effort required for testing can be better estimated on this basis, and project and quality risks are thus reduced.
TDRE follows a triple peak model, which is connecting requirements (i.e., needs), design (i.e., solution) and test (i.e., the product).

It intertwines three perspectives:
•    Market perspective: “How can I meet customer satisfaction and needs?”
•    Design perspective: “How can I implement the solution to meet requirements?”
•    Testing perspective: “How can I find a defect and cause the product to fail?”

Here some guidance from our projects, which we will further illustrate in this presentation:
•    Every single functional requirement has at least one acceptance check, which is either fulfilled or not fulfilled and serves as the agile DoD (definition of done).
•    Each individual quality requirement is described with numerical values that can be measured.
•    Business rules are defined so that it can be determined whether they are true or false.
•    Business and data objects are defined with all their attributes, types and states so that they can be set and validated at test time.
•    System interfaces such as GUIs, reports and service interfaces are included in the requirements document so that values can be assigned to them.
•    All use cases have pre- and post-conditions that can be generated and validated.
•    All text is marked so that it can be automatically processed to generate test cases.

Agile requirements engineering and testing with test-driven requirements engineering (TDRE) balances project risks and cost. Clear advantage: Requirements are understandable, testable, and directly applicable as test case. Lead time and costs in testing are reduced by up to thirty percent. This presentation at OOP 2023 will practically introduce to agile requirements engineering and test with TDRE. A case study from medical cybersecurity demonstrates an industry use of TDRE.

Christof Ebert is managing director at Vector Consulting Services. He supports clients around the world in agile transformations. Before he had been working for ten years in global senior management positions. A trusted advisor and a member of several of industry boards, he is a professor at the University of Stuttgart and at Sorbonne in Paris. He authored several books including "Requirements Engineering" published by dPunkt and in China by Motor Press. He is serving on the editorial Boards of "IEEE Software" and "Journal of Systems and Software (JSS)".

Christof Ebert
Christof Ebert
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